OBSERVATION AND ASSESSMENT OF ILLICIT TRADE IN NIGERIA AND AFRICA

International Human Rights and Anti-Corruption Society illicit trade observed and assess the Nigerians and Africa’s position in the control of Narcotre drugs and Psychotropic Substances the strategies and effort adopted by relevance Agencies to could be members for the benefits of mankind. The Society’s observation and Assessment Cover Nigeria’s and Africa’s efforts effort in the Reputation of Precursors, Suppression of demand for drugs as well as Progress recorded by Nigeria and Africa in the Areas of supply reduction research treatment and rehabilitation. Also covered the areas of mutual interests which include the Nigerian and African Countries efforts at strengthening or updating legislation and policy on drug central administrative institutional frame work, compliance with treaty-based reporting and other drug prevention efforts.

This unique Society observed and asserted through personal interfusion and drug law enforcement volunteers that the Drug Law Enforcement Agents intercepted Narcotic Drugs which include:

  1. Cannabis
  2. Heroin
  3. Cocaine\Psychotropic sustenance

 

Millions of Drug barons were arrested but only 40% were convicted by the Court. Through the International Human Rights and Anti-Corruption Society’s Volunteers in Nigeria  and Africa tip-up, the Drug Agencies have discovered and destroyed cannabis farm in Nigeria and Africa measuring 2,540,000 hectares in years 2012.

International Human Righs an Antio-Corruption Society through it research, discovered more tricks and concealing methods of Drug trafficking cartel in an attempt to avoid detection, prevent huge fraud losses, evade arrest and prosecute. The Society also observed that the Drug Barons go the extra kilometers in hiding their drugs through the use of female hand bags, cooking utensils, candle and false bottom of luggage are some of the adopted common ways by Drug Trafficker to cancel drugs. The Society also observed that Drug Traffickers used metal handle of bags as means of concealment, liquid cocaine in sachet properly packager to like juice.

The Society again, observed that the Drug barons hide their drugs in bed sheets,, enquire pistons, sole of shoes, television sets and industrial sealed tin food packeds. Also observed in the year 2012 were special cases where the Drug Traffickers emulsified Cocaine in solvent and immersed cloths in the Southern making the Cocaine look like starch on the cloths. We again observed that in the inter-state cannabis smuggling included the use of foodstuff like garri, yam and plantain while other Drug Deaden use Governments and Missionary vehicle usually with the connivance of driver, used fake Government Official Plate Numbers.

International Human Rights and Anti-Corruption Society observed that drug baron are becoming more sophisticated in drug concealment also there is no Country’s efforts by the Government in Nigeria and Africa in strengthening updating legislations and policy on Drug compliance with treaty-based reporting and other drug preventive efforts. Again the Agencies for the enforcement of illicit trades have no effective leadership in eradicating the illicit in Nigeria due to Corruptions and the weak enforcement.

The International Human Rights and Anti-Research showed that the incurred of drug in Nigeria and Africa is as a result of lack of effective trade penalty to the offenders (i.e. Drug barons prevalence blamed to the weak enforcement). Also the increased are due to the Nations porous borders and lack of Government in Nigeria and Africa to enact capital punishment finding offenders. It is on such stringent measure shall in eradicating Drug Trade in Nigeria and Africa.

STATEMENT BY INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHT AND ANTI-CORRUPTION SOCIETY (HRAS) ON THE WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY JUNE, 5, 2012.

On 5th June, every year is set aside by the United Nations general Assembly in Stockholm through Resolution 2997 of December 15, 1992 to celebrate the World Environmental Day. This year celebration is specifically aimed at re-affirming commitment to preserving planet earth and with attentions drawn to key environment issues.

On this auspicious occasion International Human Right & Anti-Corruption Society on the various Environmental Change facing the World. Wastes (solids and liquids), Land degradation, Erosion, Flooding, Hurricane, Pollution, Illegal Deforestation/Burning of buses etc are some of the common Environmental Challenges on daily basis. These are also huge gap in accessing Social Amenities and services.

This Society in line with its mandate and contributing to United Nations Environmental Programes made circulation Press Release on June 5, 2012 called on Government at all level Individuals and corporate citizens to contribute their quota to the reclamation of the Environment from agents of degradation and to urgently reduce carbon emission and embrace green economy, and for all resident of the Coastal area should keep close watch on the shores and report any drifting ship to the Governments or International Human Rights & Anti-Corruption Society to facilitate quick recovery of such vessel before they become wrecks and threaten the lives of the people.

The Citizens must desists from Sand Mining along the beaches and resist such action by other. Bush burning and deforestation should be discouraged by all residents, the wastes should be properly packed and disposed through the waste disposal Bins. The Drainages, Logons of Rivers, Streams and methods must be kept clear of all forms of waste-solid, sewage, and liquid domestic or industrial. Protecting the wild life and aquatic lives as these constitutes a balance on the ecosystem.

This Society further Campaign for effectively protecting the environment, citizens must intensify the tree planting exercise while calling on Governments, individuals and corporate organizations to continue to support the initiative in the interest of all citizens. This Society is reaffirming the reality of Climate Change and call for Government at all levels to make holistic approach towards mitigating its effect through efficient waste disposal system, institutionalization of tree planting campaign effective drainage system, Public awareness Campaign and School advocacy, Programme to sensitized the Public on the danger …………………………………………

This Public Press Release on the World Environmental Day will enable the visitors, Citizens and stakholders to have first hand assessment of the projects on Waste Management to re-evaluate Government efforts in waste disposal system in Nigeria and African State and by extension globally.

As Nigeria, Africa joints the rest of the World in making this day, the International Human Rights & Anti-Corruption Society reaffirm its commitment to upload and protect the Government and every persons living in Nigeria, Africa an globally, with the ultimate objective of establishing in culture of respect for Environmental Right and also want to use this opportunity to call on all citizens in Nigeria, Africa and Global to support a Precautionary Approach to Environmental Challenges, ………….. initiative  to promote greater Environmental Responsibility and encourage the death point and diffusion of Environment friendly Technologies whereby promoting sustainable development in Nigeria, Africa and Globally

JOS PLATEAU STATE VIOLENCE CONFLICTS IN NIGERIA WEST AFRICA AND ITS SOLUTIONS:

This unique Society observed and assessed the constant Jos Plateau Violence and conflicts engulfing most of the Local Government Areas in the State. Out of the 17 Local Government Areas of the State, only Pankshin, Mangu and Kanke are the Local Government that are not witnessing major upheavals in ht last two decades.

The major violence of the Plateau killing were that of 1994. the maiden 1994 croses, during which long, standing disagreement over land and chieftaincy Tilep, stocked violence. The Government se up several Judicial Commision  of Enquire several Peace Summites held by Stakeholders, President Advisory Committees have also been convened, all these were to fine lasting Solution but in s spite of all these Enquires, Peace Summites and Advising Committees the violence and attendance human casualties keep rising in unprecedented Proportions.

Inter………… Human Rights & Anti-Compton Society observed that the nature of the conflicts and violence in Plateau State is best described as the HAUSA-FULANI PLATEAU CRISES,  this is because all the incidents since 1994, the recurring factors has been the FULANI Pitched against other ethnic groups; Hausa Muslim against Berom in 2001, Hanusa – Fulani Shendam people in 2004, Hanusa – Fulani protest over election in Jos North (2008), Fulani versus Berom (Dogo Nahawa 2010) Fulani versus Berom in 2010 2011 and 2012. all the crises in Plauteau State from 1994 till date here common cause which is “OWNERSHIP OF JOS LAND”. Some of the conflicts have defied all the solution because on several occasions the Hausa –Fulani have frustrated went to court to challenge the political heavy weights implementation of all Reports of all the Judicial Commission of Enquires confirming Berom, Anaguate and Afizene as bonafide owner of Jos Plateau. This is why the Reports of Judicial Commission of Enquires of 1994, 2001, 2008, 1010 as well as the Reports of Presidential Advisory Committee in 2010 and the BOLA AJIBOLA Committee Report have not been implemented. Other list of abandoned Report include the Recommendation of the Plateau Peace Summit of (2004) and so since the Report of Judicial Committee of Enquire and Peace Summits could not be implemented because on party always opposed the outcome, the alternative path by the other party in Jungle Justice which is the continuous violence.

This Society again observed that arising from the Crises which engulfed Jos and envious from January 17-19, 2010, President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan convened a Consultation Forum of Stakeholders to consider  the ugly situation and also set up Presidential Committee made up of 28 members namely:-

 

  1. Chief Solomon Daushep Lar
  2. Ambassador Yahaya Kwande
  3. Chief John Mark Samci
  4. Senator John Shagaya
  5. Senator Gyan Dantony
  6. Abassador Fidelis Tapgun
  7. Ngoyop Hanatu Chollon
  8. Most Rev. Ignatuil Kaigama
  9. Sheikh Balarabe David
  10. Leo Dilkon
  11. Ibrahim Dansuki Nakande
  12. Neufort Comwalk
  13. AVM Abbas Umaru
  14. Pati Kyari
  15. Chief Markus Ishaya
  16. Chief Tonye Ogunshuyin
  17. Akazamus Anakwe
  18. Smart Irabor
  19. Danladi Atu
  20. S. A. Abok
  21. Alhaki Saleh Bayeri
  22. Alhaji Abdullahi Ardo
  23. Bukar Goni Aji
  24. Istifanus Gynag
  25. Senetor Nasiru Ibrahim Mantu
  26. Alhaji Saleh Hassan
  27. Senator John Wash Pam
  28. Muhammed Adamu Alrali

 

The Analysis of the Committee members reflected the presence of necessary Stakeholders within and outside the Plateau State which comprises of Political and Community Leaders of the Berom and Fulani, Lawyers and Technocrats term of reference of the Panel among other things:

 

  1. To recommend Political Solutions to the recurring problems leading to violence.
  2. To recommend to the State and Federal Governments on any other relevant issues aimed at averting resources of such violence.

 

The Political Committee in the course of this onerous assignment , seeked advice from Sultan Sokoto Alhaji Abubakar Saad II who was at that time the Grand Patrons os Miyeti ALLah Cattle Bleeders Association, met with Gbong Gwom Jos, President of Plateau Council of Chiefs, Da Gynang Buba for counsel also sought input from Sokoto State Government and Government of the 19 Northern States.

The Presidential Committee did a good work with the hope that the Report and Recommendations shall have the potential of bringing lasting solutions to the conflict in the State with Fact Findings that as a result of years of Mining Activities in Plateau State, a large portion of Land was degraded and rendered unsuitable for the “Economic Activities, Farming and Grazing”. This factor alone is enough to get Fulani and Berom into enless battle because land degradation in Plateau State affects mostly Berom Land. In Plateau North Senatorial Zone, Fulani Herdsmen and Berom Farmers clash regularly while scrambling for farms land and Grazing space which both sides have resources to encroach on each territory.

International Human Rights & Anti-Corruption Society observed the Presidential Committee which made Eight Recommendations that:-

  1. The Grazing Reserves be establish in areas that are vulnerable to Farmers/Grazers especially Barkuin Ladi, Bassa, Jos South and Riyom Local Government Areas of the Plateau State as contained in the Approved Government White Papers on Justice Niki Tobi Judicial Commission of Enquire Report 2001.
  2. The Grazers and Farmers should rededicate themselves to work towards promoting mutual understanding and peaceful co-existence in mediating any conflict situation within their groups
  3. Joint Consultative and Peace Committee should be constituted at Ward, Village and District Levels for settlement of disputes among Farmers and Grazers.
  4. Abandoned Gazetted Cattle Routes and Reserves should be reived and strengthen with the view to settling the Fulani Grazer away from Farmlands.
  5. Leaders of the Berom and Fulani should work towards promoting mutual understanding and peaceful co-existence in mediating over any conflict situation within their groups.
  6. Fulani Herdsmen who encroaches on farmland and farmers encroaching on approval grazing reserved should be penalized by Appropriate Authorities.
  7. Herdsmen should obtain proper permission from Farmers before moving their cattle to graze on crop residue.
  8. Herdsmen should not leave their cattle in care of underage children – a practice which normally results in destruction of crops.

 

Again in order to encourage speedy reconciliation and end the spate of attacks and counter attacks being witnessed between the two parties, the Presidential Committees urged the Federal and the State Governments of Nigeria to ensure that all internally displaced persons-specially the Fulani herdsmen are assisted to return to their original settlements.

Finally, the President Committee found out that Non-implementation of Past Reports of Judicial Commission of Enquiries were factors in the recurrence of the crises, hence urged the Federal and State Governments to adopt, implement the past Reports for the purpose peace, truth and reconciliation of all the parties. The past Reports to be urgenly implemented were:-

 

  1. Justice J. Aribiton Fiberisima Judicial Commission Inquiry Report
  2. Justice Niki Tobi Judicial Commission of Inquiring over 1994 Crises
  3. The Presidential Peace Initiative Committee on Plateau State Chawed by Emir of Zauzau, 2004.
  4. Plateau Peace Summit of 2004
  5. Justice Bola Ayibola Judicail Commission of Inquiry into 2008 Crises

 

CONCLUSION: This unique Society after careful observation analysis and non implementation of the Judicial Commission of Enquiries Reports and comments/persons interfusion from both Commissions, this unique Society compare the Jos Crisis witht e Israeli-Palestinian conflict in term of longevity and the inability of the Federal, State and Local Government including the Stockholders to find lasting solution to the problems. Again the report indicated so many Political Elites who are sponsoring/Promoting the crisis, because these Political Elites are benefiting from the problems and are not ready to solve the crisis with fair and just minds. The problems are Political and not Religious claimed to be and need Political solutions with Political will.

 

RECOMMENDATION: International Human Right & Anti-Corruption Society after careful Observing, analyzed and Evaluate Special appeal to the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and Government  of Plateau State to ……….. all the repute fault interest of ……………….. Human and Development.

CRITICISM OF THE GOVERNMENT IN SHIRKING ITS RESPONSIBILITY

The Society observed that 70% of Nigerians criticized the Federal and Local Government for not addressing the flood ravaging the Nation immediately the prediction by the Nigerian Meteorogical Service and why the Government at all levels were shirking its responsibility. The Society observed with facts but sadness to note that the Government at all levels over the years turn deaf ears to entreaties to build Dreams to store excess strom water and dredge the Nation River especially Rivers, Niger and Benue to creat Cavity to hold water and therefore the Government Officials cannot accusing Cameroon Government of inundating the Nigerian Nation with flood water for and its lagso Dam and Kanji Dam in Nigeria.

 

International Human Rights & Anti-Compton Society observed with sadness that Nigerian Government at al levels ought to have built her counterpart Dam for water detention since  the 1950s but did not every, when Cameroon Government built in 1982.

 

From on Society’s Independent and influenced investigation revealed that 1,230,000 million death, 10,456,350 people have been displayed 2,819,775 House were taken over by the flood and crops (foods stuff, domestic animals etc) worth US, 200 million Dollars were destroyed during the period of flooding. 70% Nigerians accused the Federal Government of insensitivity to the plights of the people stressing that until the Government made the welfare of the people its priority, the public would continually be exposed to avoidable danger and unnecessary hardships.

 

This unique Society observed that the number of people killed displayed and the properties destroyed will be on the increased, unless the Federal Government of Nigeria take, the necessary measures as the effects of Climate Change will continue to affect the intensity of rainfall and water will always find its levels. Thus all mitigative and adaptive measure must be taken taken to tackle the effects of Climate Change whole Emergency Management Machinery (EMM) should be made ready all the times.

 

This unique Society commends and congratulates the Lagos State Government/Leadership to have constructed and Cleaned of drainage channels priority since 2007 and therefore are not much affected by the flood.

This Society also observed with sadness that dispite the huge some of Million of Dollars appropriated to the Ecological Control in Nigeria, nothing had been done with the money due to high rate of Corruption in Nigeria, again Nigeria at the age of 52 years now has no reasonable Emergency response.

CONDEMNATION OF INMATES BY GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF GAMBIA

International Human Rights & Anti-Corruption Society has received shock and consultation for the confirmation by the government of the Republic of the Gambia in west Africa on the execution by firing squad on Nine Death Row Inmates out of 47 in Death Row on Sunday being 26th August 2012. the Nine Inmates were Dawda Bojang, Malang Sonko, Ex-Lieutenawnt Lamin Jarjou, Ex-Lieutenant Alieu Bah, ExSergeant Lamin F., Jammeh, Buba Yarboe, Lamin B. S. Daboe, Gebe Bah and Tambara Samba.

This Society observed that the execution was carried out despite the appealed by the President Yaya Jammeh to continue a Moratorium which had been in place since 1981 and refrain from executing the Prisoners. The Society observed also that the executions were disregard of the obligations of the Republic of the Gambia under the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights, other Regional and International Human Rights instruments to which Gambia is a party, Coo-signatory and the Consultative Act of the African Union in which the respect for the Sanctity of Human Life  is a Principle that should be followed by each Member State (Article 4 (0).

International Human Rights & Anti-Corruption Society is condemning the Unconstitutional and Nefarious Act which were carried out inspite of the Objectives and Pleas for mercy from many stakeholders around the world and therefore specially Appealed to the Government of the Gambia to observe a moratorium on death penalty and take all necessary actions and measures to ensure that remaining prisoners on the Death Row are not executed. The Society call on the United Nations, European Union, Africa Union and all other Regional and international Agencies to condemn the nefarious Act and serve sanctions upon the  Republic of Gambia to serve as determent to other Countries.